According to Pollux, the trichordon sic was Assyrian and they gave it the name pandoura قول رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ولا تمس طيباً إلا أدنى طهرها إذا طهرت نبذة من قسط أو أظفار فبخور القسط ذو رائحة هادئة طيبة و مطهرة و معطرة للبدن أيضاً
Remains the vibrating body: twenty fingers Retrieved March 25, 2015

فوائد شجرة الأراك

American Lutherie 94, 95.

25
تعريف آلة العود
Musicologist today uses the word more categorically to discuss instruments that existed millennia before the term "lute" was coined
تعريف آلة العود
At the end of the 6th century, a wood topped version of the Persian-styled instrument was constructed by al Nadr, called "ūd", and introduced from Iraq to Mecca
تعريف آلة العود
Curt Sachs said they were called from lowest to highest pitch bamm, maṭlaṭ, maṭnā and zīr
Under the Sasanians, a short almond shaped lute from Bactria came to be called the or barbud, which was developed into the later Islamic world's oud or ud The barbat possibly known as mizhar, kirān, or muwatter, all skin topped versions was used by some Arabs in the sixth century
Retrieved 3 October 2018 Another hypothetical attribution says that its inventor was

فوائد القسط الهندي بالصور لجميع الامراض طرق مجربة وعجيبة جدا ~ مدونة غرغور 2020 2021

Among those playing the oud in the Arabic tradition, a common older pattern of tuning the strings is low pitch to high : D2 G2 A2 D3 G3 C4 on single string courses or D2, G2 G2, A2 A2, D3 D3, G3 G3, C4 C4 for a course of two strings.

4
Oud
Encyclopedia of Islam: 534
فوائد شجرة الأراك
But during the Islamic era the musical box was enlarged, a fourth string was added, and the base for the tuning pegs Bunjuk or was added
Oud
Reaching China, their apostolate left traces of relations between West and East, seen in a short-necked lute similar to the ʿūd Grünwedel, 1912